Pregnancy and Fertility BLOG

If you think that you are pregnant because you missed your period and you are experiencing morning sickness, then you can undergo pregnancy tests to make sure. There are two ways that you can test for pregnancy; one is by using a urine sample and another one is through blood testing.

Both types of pregnancy test detect the hormone chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). This hormone is produced when an embryo attaches to the uterine lining. The hormone starts to build up in the body during the first few days of pregnancy.

Urine Tests

This type of test involves using a urine sample to determine if you are pregnant or not. There are different kinds of pregnancy urine test kits available on the market. There are those that require you to fill a cup with your urine and dip a stick, or those that need a few drops of urine into a special container.  And there are those stick type tests that require you to place into your urine stream. Choose what you think is more comfortable for you.

These tests are convenient for home use and results appear in just minutes. They are also considered cheaper than blood tests. In performing a pregnancy urine test, it is important to understand and follow the instructions carefully in order to have an accurate reading.

Urine tests are ideal to take on the first day of your missed period. Although some tests are more sensitive and can detect pregnancy up to 5 days before your missed period, testing two weeks after conception is preferred to get a more accurate result. Home pregnancy urine test kits have 97% accuracy when performed correctly. However, if taken too early or not done correctly, results can be inaccurate.

Blood Tests

The two types of blood tests are qualitative and quantitative. A qualitative blood test gives you a simple yes or no answer to whether you are pregnant or not. A quantitative blood test determines the exact amount of hCG in the blood.

Doing a pregnancy blood test determines early pregnancy. It can detect pregnancy as early as 3-10 days from conception compared to urine tests that determine pregnancy after 10-14 days. Blood tests also measure the amount of hCG in your blood, which is important information during pregnancy. However, these tests take more time to come up with results.

Understanding Home Pregnancy Test Results

Positive reading detects hCG hormone levels in your system. High levels of this hormone in the system suggest that you are pregnant.

Negative reading can mean that you are not pregnant, you did the test incorrectly, or you took the test too early.