Drug testing has evolved over the years and it still continues to evolve today. Drug testing started in the 1980s when it was implemented in the military. In 1986, President Reagan ordered a directive to have workplace drug screening
to promote a safe and drug-free workplace. Today, drug screening is used as a pre-employment requirement for sports, special circumstances, random testing, and much more.Different types of drug tests
There are different ways on how to detect drugs in a person’s system. There are test strips
, urine collection kits
, blood collection kits, hair testing
, oral collection kits, and many more. Drug testing strips are commonly used as a drug screening tool
. Test strips can detect numerous drugs, depending on what type you use. This usually involves dipping the strip in a urine sample and when the strip changes color, it means a prohibited drug is present. Urine and blood collection kits are used to collect samples that are then transported to a laboratory for testing. Oral drug testing
is done by collecting a saliva sample to detect drugs taken in the system.
Different types of tests can be used depending on your needs. Blood and urine testing are the most commonly used among all types, especially for workplace testing, because it provides a more intensive list of drugs present in the sample.DNA found in urine sample
Not only does urine contain drug metabolites but laboratory tests
show that DNA can also be detected using a urine sample. The DNA found in urine comes from the epithelial cells from the urethra, bladder, and ureters. This finding provides another way to do DNA profiling. However, urine samples may be prone to DNA degradation, thus the importance of keeping and protecting the samples properly and keeping them away from heat and UV light, and not allowing fungal or bacterial growth in the samples.
Drug testing is one of the key tools to maintaining a healthy and safe environment for everyone and it is important to educate people
of the harms and effects of drug use, to set up proper programs to eradicate prohibited drug and alcohol use, and to provide necessary consequences to those that are caught during a drug test to ensure the safety and well-being of everyone.