Results of a research released just last week in the online journal Development and Psychopathology reveal that depression symptoms for women in the 30’s and 40’s increase over time especially for those who are prone to addiction problems
and antisocial behavior.
The study indicates how personal history, family life, and neighborhood instability affects the alcoholism tendencies of 273 women in a 12-year period, all at the early years of their married life and motherhood. Most women who participated in the study were from the Midwest.
Depression symptoms also increased among the women even while alcohol addictions and antisocial behaviors declined over the given period.
Other factors that affect these women also include their partner’s behavior. For instance, if the husband struggles with his own addictions and comes into trouble with the law, symptoms of depression in women worsen. Their children’s problems also had the same impact on their behavior. Women become more addicted to alcohol
and trigger antisocial behavior when their children get into difficult situations. Depression also increased whenever they see their children sad or in isolation.
Another factor which affected them is the unstable neighborhood that they belong to. Alcoholism
and depression escalate whenever residents in their area frequently move in and out.
Robert Zucker, a professor of psychiatry and psychology at the University of Michigan Medical School and the director of the U-M Addiction Research Center, said that "our findings demonstrate the complexity of the factors affecting changes in alcohol problems, antisocial behavior and depression for these women."
These latest findings
are out to disprove that these disorders are just inherited or caused solely by environmental factors. "It's really the network of these relationships -- at the biological, social and at the community level -- that influences these disorders over time," Zucker said.