Amphetamine BLOG

Amphetamine is a synthetic drug prescribed for the treatment of various illnesses such as: ADHD; narcolepsy; and obesity, to name a few. However, when it started gaining enormous popularity around 1940s, younger people realized that it can boost their mood and increase their alertness, which eventually resulted to the abusive use of the stimulant.

At present, amphetamines come in various street names like A’s, meth, crystal, cartwheel, footballs, magnums, whites, powder, crank, white crosses, ice, ups, bennies, splash, and crossroads. According to the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Youth – documented in Lawrence S. Neinstein’s Adolescent Health Care: A Practical Guide, Issue 414 - an estimated 1.4 persons aged 12 and older had used methamphetamine within the last year. Methamphetamine is classified as a powerful stimulant, originally derived from amphetamine. It comes in clear crystals or powder and easily dissolves in water or alcohol.

On the other hand, amphetamines are also considered as central nervous system (CNS) stimulants and high dosage of it can cause various adverse effects in teenagers. Harold E. Doweiko noted on concepts of Chemical Dependency the significant discovery of researchers that amphetamine abuse can cause damage in both the cellular and the regional level of the brain.

Below are other serious symptoms of amphetamine abuse in teenagers:

    1. Psychiatric Symptoms: aggressiveness, confusion, delirium, and psychosis.
    2. Neurological Symptoms: seizures, choreoathetoid movements, cerebrovascular accident cerebral edema, and cerebral vasculities.
    3. Cardiovascular Symptoms: tachycardia, hypertension, atrial and ventricular arrhythmias, cardiac ischemia, coronary artery vasospasm, arterial aneurysms, aortic dissections.
    4. Gastrointestinal Symptoms: ulcer, ischemic colitis, hepatocellular damage.
    5. Musculoskeletal Symptoms: muscle contractions, rhabdomyolysis.
    6. Respiratory Symptoms: pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax,acute noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, pulmonary hypertension.
    7. Renal Symptoms: acute tubular necrosis.
    8. Dental Symptoms: chronic gingivitis, numerous dental caries, severe dental abscesses, and necrosis.